Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness for people 60 and older. Board-certified ophthalmologist and eye surgeon Sara Creekmore, DO, provides comprehensive glaucoma care, including screening, treatment, and prevention, at Tampa Bay Eye and Facial Aesthetics in Lutz, Florida. Many types of glaucoma have no warning signs, so routine screening is the best way to slow or prevent vision loss. Call the office or request an appointment online today.
Glaucoma is an eye condition that damages your optic nerve. Usually, glaucoma occurs when fluid builds up in the front part of your eye. The increased pressure from this excess fluid wears down your optic nerve tissue, potentially leading to vision loss and blindness.
Signs and symptoms of glaucoma vary depending on the type and severity of your condition. Symptoms of different types of glaucoma include:
The most common form of glaucoma, symptoms of this condition develop gradually and include patchy blind spots in your central or peripheral vision. Tunnel vision may occur in the advanced stages.
Also called closed-angle glaucoma, this condition occurs when the pressure in your eye rises suddenly. Known as an acute attack, symptoms include:
An acute angle-closure glaucoma attack is a medical emergency. Call Tampa Bay Eye and Facial Aesthetics right away if you have any of these symptoms.
Glaucoma is the result of increased pressure in your eye, known as intraocular pressure (IOP). The back of your eye continuously produces a fluid called aqueous humor, which fills the front part of your eye. Normally, this fluid leaves your eye through an area called the drainage angle.
A blockage in the drainage angle area can cause fluid to accumulate, which makes your IOP rise. The increased pressure damages the fibers of your optic nerve. If all of the fibers of your optic nerve die, you become blind.
No treatment can reverse the damage to your optic nerve. However, at Tampa Bay Eye and Facial Aesthetics, Dr. Creekmore can help slow the progression of glaucoma and prevent vision loss, especially if you catch the disease in its early stages.
Glaucoma treatment focuses on lowering your IOP. Depending on your needs, Dr. Creekmore may recommend prescription eye drops, oral medications, laser therapy, surgery, or a combination of these treatments.
Laser therapy, also called trabeculoplasty, involves removing blocked drainage channels with a small laser beam.
Other approaches include inserting drainage tubes in your eyes and minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS), which is often combined with cataract surgery. MIGS uses microscopic equipment to make tiny incisions, reducing the risk for complications involved with standard glaucoma surgery.
For expert diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma, call Tampa Bay Eye and Facial Aesthetics, or request an appointment online today.