Glaucoma Q&A

Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness for people 60 and older. Board-certified ophthalmologist and eye surgeon Sara Creekmore, DO, provides comprehensive glaucoma care, including screening, treatment, and prevention, at Tampa Bay Eye and Facial Aesthetics in Lutz, Florida. Many types of glaucoma have no warning signs, so routine screening is the best way to slow or prevent vision loss. Call the office or request an appointment online today.


      What are the symptoms of glaucoma?

      Signs and symptoms of glaucoma vary depending on the type and severity of your condition. Symptoms of different types of glaucoma include:

      Open-angle glaucoma

      The most common form of glaucoma, symptoms of this condition develop gradually and include patchy blind spots in your central or peripheral vision. Tunnel vision may occur in the advanced stages.

      Angle-closure glaucoma

      Also called closed-angle glaucoma, this condition occurs when the pressure in your eye rises suddenly. Known as an acute attack, symptoms include:

      • Sudden blurry vision

      • Severe eye pain

      • Headache

      • Nausea and vomiting

      • Seeing halos around lights

      An acute angle-closure glaucoma attack is a medical emergency. Call Tampa Bay Eye and Facial Aesthetics right away if you have any of these symptoms.

      What causes glaucoma?

      Glaucoma is the result of increased pressure in your eye, known as intraocular pressure (IOP). The back of your eye continuously produces a fluid called aqueous humor, which fills the front part of your eye. Normally, this fluid leaves your eye through an area called the drainage angle.

      A blockage in the drainage angle area can cause fluid to accumulate, which makes your IOP rise. The increased pressure damages the fibers of your optic nerve. If all of the fibers of your optic nerve die, you become blind.

      How is glaucoma treated?

      No treatment can reverse the damage to your optic nerve. However, at Tampa Bay Eye and Facial Aesthetics, Dr. Creekmore can help slow the progression of glaucoma and prevent vision loss, especially if you catch the disease in its early stages.

      Glaucoma treatment focuses on lowering your IOP. Depending on your needs, Dr. Creekmore may recommend prescription eye drops, oral medications, laser therapy, surgery, or a combination of these treatments.

      Laser therapy, also called trabeculoplasty, involves removing blocked drainage channels with a small laser beam.

      Other approaches include inserting drainage tubes in your eyes and minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS), which is often combined with cataract surgery. MIGS uses microscopic equipment to make tiny incisions, reducing the risk for complications involved with standard glaucoma surgery.

      ​​​​​​​For expert diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma, call Tampa Bay Eye and Facial Aesthetics, or request an appointment online today.